Solemnizing Officers in Marriage

Article 7 of the Family Code enumerates the solemnizing officers in marriage. It reads:

Art. 7. Marriage may be solemnized by:

(1) Any incumbent member of the judiciary within the court’s jurisdiction;

(2) Any priest, rabbi, imam, or minister of any church or religious sect duly authorized by his church or religious sect and registered with the civil registrar general, acting within the limits of the written authority granted him by his church or religious sect and provided that at least one of the contracting parties belongs to the solemnizing officer’s church or religious sect;

(3) Any ship captain or airplane chief only in the cases mentioned in Article 31;

(4) Any military commander of a unit to which a chaplain is assigned, in the absence of the latter, during a military operation, likewise only in the cases mentioned in Article 32; or

(5) Any consul general, consul or vice consul in the case provided in Article 10.

The authority of the solemnizing officer is a formal requisite of marriage.

Member of the Judiciary

Any incumbent member of the judiciary within the court’s jurisdiction.

Priest, Rabbi, Imam, or Minister

Any priest, rabbi, imam, or minister of any church or religious sect duly authorized by his church or religious sect and registered with the civil registrar general, acting within the limits of the written authority granted him by his church or religious sect and provided that at least one of the contracting parties belongs to the solemnizing officer’s church or religious sect.

Ship Captain or Airplane Pilot

Any ship captain or airplane chief can solemnize a marriage ONLY when the following circumstances concur: (a) the marriage is between passengers or crew member; (b) the marriage is in articulo mortis; and (c) the ship is at sea or the plane is in flight, or during stopovers at ports of call. (Family Code, Art. 31)

Military Commander

Any military commander of a unit can solemnize marriages in two situations: (1) when a chaplain is assigned and the chaplain is absent, during a military operation; or (2) a military commander who is a commissioned officer, in marriage in articulo mortis between persons within the zone of military operation, whether members of the armed forces or civilians. (Family Code, Art. 32)

Consuls

Marriages between Filipino citizens abroad may be solemnized by a consul general, consul or vice consul of the Republic of the Philippines. The issuance of the marriage license and the duties of the local civil registrar and of the solemnizing officer with regard to the celebration of marriage shall be performed by said consular official. (Family Code, Art. 10)

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